Death penalty for corruption. What is the experience of other countries and does it work?

Death penalty for corruption. What is the experience of other countries and does it work?

Do you know how officials are punished for corruption in Ukraine and in the world? The attitude to this is very different. Some countries have the death penalty for corruption. Or fines in the millions of dollars. There is a general “presumption of corruption” in Singapore. And in Ukraine, People’s Deputy from the “Servant of the People” Oleksandr Yurchenko was released from the pre-trial detention center on bail of three million hryvnias.

The punishment for committing corruption crimes in Ukraine

94% of Ukrainians surveyed consider corruption to be a serious problem in the country according to a poll by the Kiev International Institute of Sociology in 2018. More than half of corruption crimes were punished with fines under to statistics from 2014 to 2020.

Only a tenth of all cases reached the court led to the imprisonment of a corrupt official. The amount of the fine, which was applied, averaged about 17 thousand hryvnia, and the minimum was 510 hryvnia. As practice shows, when an official is found guilty of such crimes, then he moves to another position in his career after a few years. Сorruption cases have insufficient resonance in society according to experts. It is the pressure of society and journalists forces the states to correct the situation in civilized countries.

How China and Singapore are fighting corruption?

When people are reminded of the death penalty for corruption crimes, they are reminded of Chinese laws. People receive serious prison sentences for corruption in this country. There is from ten to twenty years. The death penalty is used also.

Human rights activists estimate that more than ten thousand officials have been publicly executed in China since the beginning of the 21st century. It is important that not only TOP but also smaller employees fall under the shots of officials and no one is immune from the punishment.

Singapore has a worldwide “presumption of corruption”. This means that a suspect in corruption crimes is considered guilty until he proves his innocence himself. A person is not only sentenced to seven years in prison, a fine of up to 100 thousand dollars, but also deprived of all benefits, pensions and work.

How Europe and the USA are fighting corruption?

Of course, in more democratic countries there are no such harsh punishments for corruption crimes, but there are serious fines. For example, in the United States, a bribe requires a fine that is three times the size of the bribe. There is a fifteen years’ imprisonment as a bonus.

The French are sentenced to ten years in prison for bribery. If an official abuses his power, then for five years.

Germany can punish its officials for up to five years. However, for bribery, the court provides for imprisonment for up to ten years.

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